In Judas and the Black Messiah, the actor portrays the activist who rose to national prominence in the late 1960s as chairman of the Black Panther Party's Illinois chapter. The Best Picture-nominated film focuses on FBI informant Bill O'Neal (Lakeith Stanfield) infiltrating the chapter after the FBI deemed Hampton to be a threat to national security. Kaluuya, who is a Best Supporting Actor nominee, was previously Oscar-nominated for his starring role in 2017's Get Out.
The Knives Out star plays the FBI informant in Judas and the Black Messiah. O'Neal was a teenager when he agreed to infiltrate the Black Panther Party after leader Fred Hampton (Daniel Kaluuya) was determined by the FBI to be a threat. Stanfield, up for Best Supporting Actor for the role, is no stranger to portraying real-life figures, having previously played activist Jimmie Lee Jackson in 2014's Selma and Snoop Dogg in 2015's Straight Outta Compton.
Mank, which heads into the ceremony as the year's most-nominated film with 10, centers on Herman J. Mankiewicz and his work as a screenwriter on the iconic 1941 film Citizen Kane, for which he is a credited co-writer alongside director and star Orson Welles. Oldman, who is nominated for Best Actor for the role, previously prevailed in the category with another biographical film, 2017's Darkest Hour, in which he played Winston Churchill.
The Mean Girls standout landed in the Best Supporting Actress category, marking her first-ever Oscar nomination, for portraying Davies in Mank. In the film, Davies, an actress known for a string of hit silent films in the early 1920s, introduces Citizen Kane screenwriter Herman J. Mankiewicz to her lover William Randolph Hearst. The newspaper magnate was widely assumed to be the basis for the lead character in Citizen Kane.
The Grammy-nominated performer is in the mix for Best Actress for playing the title character in The United States vs. Billie Holiday. The film centers on the Federal Department of Narcotics investigating the legendary jazz singer in the 1940s.
Redmayne, a previous Oscar winner for playing Stephen Hawking in 2014's The Theory of Everything, portrays Hayden in The Trial of the Chicago 7, which is nominated for six awards including Best Picture. The late activist, also known for his 17-year marriage to Jane Fonda, was among the protesters who faced charges stemming from the riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
The chameleonic performer is up for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the counterculture icon in The Trial of the Chicago 7. Hoffman is among many real-life protesters from the 1968 Democratic National Convention who are portrayed in the film, including Jerry Rubin (Succession's Jeremy Strong), David Dellinger (American Horror Story's John Carroll Lynch) and Tom Hayden (Eddie Redmayne). Cohen is also nominated this year for his work on the Borat Subsequent Moviefilm screenplay.
The Suicide Squad star, who is just a Grammy Award away from an EGOT, portrays the seminal blues singer in Ma Rainey's Black Bottom. The film is based on the August Wilson play of the same name and depicts tensions between Rainey and her band members and production team in the 1920s. Among its five nominations are Davis' for Best Actress, along with a posthumous nomination for co-star Chadwick Boseman.
The Hamilton standout's nomination for Best Supporting Actor is among three nods that One Night in Miami... landed this year. He plays Cooke in director Regina King's movie centering on an evening that the legendary soul singer shared with Muhammad Ali (Eli Goree), Malcolm X (Kingsley Ben-Adir) and Jim Brown (Aldis Hodge) in the 1960s.
Thanks to Nomadland, the two-time Oscar winner is in the Best Actress hunt again. This time, she plays a fictional character named Fern, who was inspired by real-life individuals described in the nonfiction book of the same name. Author Jessica Bruder's 2017 book told the stories of people who have embraced transient lifestyles amid economic uncertainty.
In Hillbilly Elegy, based on the 2016 memoir by J.D. Vance, the celebrated actress plays the author's real-life grandmother, Bonnie "Mamaw" Vance. Ron Howard's film adaptation, which earned Close her eighth Oscar nomination, focuses on a Yale law student returning home to spend time with his Ohio-based family.