Jean Smart's Hacks character Deborah Vance brings to mind numerous comediennes.
Her humble beginnings as a husband and wife duo was inspired by Elaine May and Mike Nichols, according to The Wrap. And Deborah's subsequent divorce was very loosely based on the breakup of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, who, unlike Deborah, maintained a cordial friendship after their split.
The comedienne, who died in Sept. 2014 from surgery complications, shared a similarly crude sense of humor, often poking fun at traditional gender roles. It was this devil-may-care attitude that Jean loved about the personality, telling The Cut in May, "I wasn't trying to do her, because my sensibilities are different than what she did, but she was just genius when she was younger."
"There's a whole generation of people who only think of her as being catty on the red carpet, and her early stuff was amazing," Jean reflected. "She had that machine-gun humor. Talk about not holding for a laugh. You were ten jokes behind and still laughing. She was a pioneer, and she had lost her husband and had a daughter [like Deborah], so you can certainly draw comparisons.
However, Joan maintained a better relationship with her daughter, Melissa Rivers, than Deborah does with DJ, who is played by It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia's Kailtin Olson. Joan and Melissa were always a team professionally and personally, whereas Deborah and DJ often seem like they're rivals.
Melissa's upbringing also vastly differed from that of DJ in that she wasn't touring the country with Joan. She previously told the Divorced Not Dead podcast, "People are always shocked to find that I had a very traditional childhood where it was always very clear that what [my parents] did for a living was completely separate."
And while DJ is more than willing to trash her mother to Ava (Hannah Einbinder), Melissa has nothing but praise for her mother. "My mother's greatest legacy—that's sort of the big question everybody keeps asking me," Melissa said during a July 2015 interview with AARP. "They say, 'Oh, their children are their great legacy or their grandchildren are their great legacy.' But honestly, I think my mother's legacy is laughter. You think of her and you laugh."
Then, there's the fact that Deborah is attentive to her physical appearance. She wakes up in the morning to put a full face of makeup on and always has a nicely coiffed wig on hand. It's a rather fitting ode to Joan, who was often made fun of for undergoing plastic surgery.
Jean confirmed that her beauty regimen, in addition to her clothing line and work ethic, was likely taken from Joan in an interview with The New York Post. As the Mare of Easttown actress put it, "There aren't many women with that kind of [industry] history, and she was certainly one of the inspirations for Deborah, who also has that somewhat self-deprecating humor."
And one of the most heartbreaking parallels is that Joan's success as one of the first late-night talk show hosts, also spelled the end of her friendship with Johnny Carson. Deborah experienced a similar heartbreak when her husband left her, seemingly envious of his wife's similar achievement.
But to say that Deborah is solely based on Joan would diminish the influence of other groundbreaking comedians, including Ball, Phyllis Diller, Elayne Boosler, Rita Rudner and Paula Poundstone, who Hacks writers Paul W. Downs, Lucia Aniello and Jen Statsky credited as inspirations.
Downs, Aniello and Statsky's efforts to honor female comedians and create a complicated, yet fascinating, character paid off, as the show is up for multiple nominations at the upcoming 2021 Emmys.